Different Kinds of Therapy
Different Kinds of Therapy
Therapy can be a wonderful tool for a number of issues we face in life. There are many different styles, methods, and modalities that may be used for different individuals and scenarios. Here are a few different kinds of therapy that you may come across, and which may be useful to you or a loved one.
Group therapy is a common offering in many settings, especially addiction treatment centers and mental health facilities. Crownview offers a wonderful overview of why group therapy can be helpful in their post 5 Benefits of Group Therapy that we highly recommend checking out. The group dynamic can offer a few benefits you may not get in individual therapy, such as building social connection, finding a support network, and many more things.
Group psychotherapy is especially beneficial because it allows individuals to learn from others, see that they aren’t so alone, and learn to embrace their difficulties. As an individual engages with other people going through similar problems or pains, they learn to accept themselves and the adversity. With the different voices in the room, the person can see new perspectives, hear about different experiences, and hopefully learn from one another.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a common treatment for many things, from binge drinking to eating disorders. Generally a short-term therapeutic modality, CBT focuses on the thought and behavior patterns and how we can change them. Specifically, in CBT the individual looks at the automatic thought patterns that arise in relation to difficult experiences like pain, anxiety, depression, and fear.
There is quite a bit of evidence to support CBT, and more research is being published regularly. It’s commonly used to help with maladaptive behaviors and addictions, and has a great track record of being useful. There are many subtypes of cognitive behavioral therpay such as multimodal therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.
Motivational interviewing is a relative new form of therapy, originating in the 1980’s and growing in the 90’s. Motivational interviewing is perhaps best known as a therapeutic modality used to help treat addiction. MI is based on a few ideas. First, there is collaboration between the therapist and client. Second, there is the drawing out of the individual’s thoughts and ideas, rather than the therapist imposing their suggestions on the individual. Finally, there is autonomy, rather than a therapist being the authority or anything.
Motivational interviewing stresses the importance of understanding, empathy, and hope. Rather than the therapist making the individual doing something, the therapist works in collaboration with the individual to help find a solution together.
Psychoanalytic therapy is one of the most well-known forms of therapy out there, popularized by the ever-famous Sigmund Freud. Although it’s certainly oversimplifying, psychoanalysis is essentially about how the unconscious mind impacts our conscious experience. In psychoanalytic theory, people often look at childhood experiences and how they impact our current situation.
Psychoanalytic therapy is based largely on talking about experiences we have had, and is often called “talk therapy.” In psychoanalysis, the client talks about their life in full, and the therapy is partly based on what the individual uncovers themselves.